Civil War Era People

PEOPLE

Clara Barton

Cobblestone OCT 97. S.l.: s.n. Print.

Dubowski, Cathy E. Clara Barton : healing the wounds. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Silver Burdett Press, 1991. Print.

editor, Melanie P., and Melanie Parry. Chambers biographical dictionary. New York: Chambers, 1997. Print.

Hamen, Susan E. Clara Barton : Civil War hero & American Red Cross founder. Edina, Minn: ABDO Pub, 2010. Print. 

Clara Barton - GVRL "Clara Barton." American Civil War Reference Library. Kevin Hillstrom and Laurie Collier Hillstrom. Ed. Lawrence W. Baker. Vol. 1: Biographies. Detroit: UXL, 2000. 1-10. Gale Virtual Reference Library. Web. __ ___. 2014. <http://go.galegroup.com/ps/i.do?action=interpret&id=GALE|CX3410500009&v=2.1&u=bonn59103&it=r&p=GVRL&sw=w&authCount=1>.

Barton, Clara | Article | World Book Advanced Manning, Kenneth R. "Barton, Clara." World Book Advanced. World Book, 2014. Web. __ ___. 2014. <http://www.worldbookonline.com/advanced/article?id=ar047960&st=barton%2C+clara>.

Clara Barton’s House: Home of the American Red Cross "Clara Barton's House: Home of the American Red Cross." Clara Barton's House: Home of the American Red Cross. N.p., n.d. Web. __ ___. 2014. <http://www.cr.nps.gov/nr/twhp/wwwlps/lessons/27barton/27barton.htm>.

Mathew Brady

editor, Melanie P., and Melanie Parry. Chambers biographical dictionary. New York: Chambers, 1997. Print.

Brady, Mathew B. - GRVL "Brady, Mathew B. (1823?-1896)." American Eras. Vol. 7: Civil War and Reconstruction, 1850-1877. Detroit: Gale, 1997. 42. Gale Virtual Reference Library. Web. __ ___. 2014. <http://go.galegroup.com/ps/i.do?id=GALE%7CCX2536601325&v=2.1&u=bonn59103&it=r&p=GVRL&sw=w&asid=64a49209e21cd636961c8c9ffebc4c12>.

Mathew Brady - GVRL "Mathew Brady." American Civil War Reference Library. Kevin Hillstrom and Laurie Collier Hillstrom. Ed. Lawrence W. Baker. Vol. 1: Biographies. Detroit: UXL, 2000. 41-47. Gale Virtual Reference Library. Web. __ ___. 2014. <http://go.galegroup.com/ps/i.do?id=GALE%7CCX3410500014&v=2.1&u=bonn59103&it=r&p=GVRL&sw=w&asid=3b531a8ac58915894dd07fc90b81a272>.

Mathew Brady - GVRL "Mathew Brady." American Civil War Reference Library. Kevin Hillstrom and Laurie Collier Hillstrom. Ed. Lawrence W. Baker. Vol. 1: Biographies. Detroit: UXL, 2000. 41-47. Gale Virtual Reference Library. Web. __ ___. 2014. <http://go.galegroup.com/ps/i.do?id=GALE%7CCX3410500014&v=2.1&u=bonn59103&it=r&p=GVRL&sw=w&asid=3b531a8ac58915894dd07fc90b81a272>.

Brady, Mathew B. |Article | World Book Student Rudisill, Richard. "Brady, Mathew B." World Book Student. World Book, 2014. Web. __ ___. 2014. <http://www.worldbookonline.com/student/article?id=ar073580&st=mathew+brady>.

Mathew Brady "Mathew Brady." Civil War Trust. Council on Foreign Relations, n.d. Web. 21 Apr. 2014. <http://www.civilwar.org/education/history/biographies/mathew-brady.html>.

John Buford

John Buford  "John Buford." Civil War Trust. Council on Foreign Relations, n.d. Web. 22 Apr. 2014. <http://www.civilwar.org/education/history/biographies/john-buford.html>.

Ambrose Burnside

editor, Melanie P., and Melanie Parry. Chambers biographical dictionary. New York: Chambers, 1997. Print.

Ambrose Burnside - GVRL "Ambrose Burnside." American Civil War Reference Library. Kevin Hillstrom and Laurie Collier Hillstrom. Ed. Lawrence W. Baker. Vol. 1: Biographies. Detroit: UXL, 2000. 63-70. Gale Virtual Reference Library. Web. __ ___. 2014. <http://go.galegroup.com/ps/i.do?id=GALE%7CCX3410500017&v=2.1&u=bonn59103&it=r&p=GVRL&sw=w&asid=26bc1bb4152c4c4e12025cc84e602755>.

Burnside, Ambrose Everett | Article | World Book Student Marszalek, John F. "Burnside, Ambrose Everett." World Book Student. World Book, 2014. Web.__ ___. 2014. <http://www.worldbookonline.com/student/article?id=ar083940&st=ambrose+burnside>.

Ambrose E. Burnside "Ambrose E. Burnside." Civil War Trust. Council on Foreign Relations, n.d. Web. __ ___. 2014. <http://www.civilwar.org/education/history/biographies/ambrose-burnside.html>.

Father William Corby

Father William Corby "Rev. William Corby at Gettysburg." Notre Dame Archives News Notes. N.p., n.d. Web. __ ___. 2014. <http://www.archives.nd.edu/about/news/index.php/2013/corby-gettysburg/#.U1bSqVW-18E>.

Rev W Corby "Rev W Corby." Watertownhistory.org. N.p., n.d. Web. __ ___. 2014. <http://www.watertownhistory.org/articles/Corby,%20Rev.htm>.

Jefferson Davis

Cobblestone JAN 01. S.l.: s.n. Print.

editor, Melanie P., and Melanie Parry. Chambers biographical dictionary. New York: Chambers, 1997. Print.

Swanson, James L. Bloody times : the funeral of Abraham Lincoln and the manhunt for Jefferson Davis. New York: Collins, 2011. Print.

Jefferson Davis - GVRL "Jefferson Davis." American Civil War Reference Library. Kevin Hillstrom and Laurie Collier Hillstrom. Ed. Lawrence W. Baker. Vol. 1: Biographies. Detroit: UXL, 2000. 93-103. Gale Virtual Reference Library. Web. __ ___. 2014. <http://go.galegroup.com/ps/i.do?action=interpret&id=GALE|CX3410500021&v=2.1&u=bonn59103&it=r&p=GVRL&sw=w&authCount=1>.

Davis, Jefferson| Article | World Book Student Woodworth, Steven E. "Davis, Jefferson." World Book Student. World Book, 2014. Web. __ ___. 2014. <http://www.worldbookonline.com/student/article?id=ar149540&st=jefferson+davis>.

Explore Capitol Hill: Jefferson Davis "Explore Capitol Hill." Jefferson Davis. N.p., n.d. Web. __ ___. 2014. <http://www.aoc.gov/capitol-hill/national-statuary-hall-collection/jefferson-davis>.

Dorothea Dix

editor, Melanie P., and Melanie Parry. Chambers biographical dictionary. New York: Chambers, 1997. Print.

Dorothea Lynde Dix - GVRL "Dorothea Lynde Dix." Science and Its Times. Ed. Neil Schlager and Josh Lauer. Vol. 5: 1800 to 1899. Detroit: Gale, 2000. 379-380. Gale Virtual Reference Library. Web. __ ___. 2014. <http://go.galegroup.com/ps/i.do?id=GALE%7CCX3408502705&v=2.1&u=bonn59103&it=r&p=GVRL&sw=w&asid=dc440ce824e8717c7cbd96587cbd1c62>.

Dix, Dorothea (1802-1887) - GVRL "Dix, Dorothea (1802–1887)." American Eras. Vol. 7: Civil War and Reconstruction, 1850-1877. Detroit: Gale, 1997. 216-217. Gale Virtual Reference Library. Web. __ ___. 2014. <http://go.galegroup.com/ps/i.do?id=GALE%7CCX2536601419&v=2.1&u=bonn59103&it=r&p=GVRL&sw=w&asid=fed7479edb865676e03685b681f8351b>.

Dix, Dorothea Lynde (1802-1887) - GVRL "Dix, Dorothea Lynde (1802–1887)." American Eras. Vol. 5: The Reform Era and Eastern U. S. Development, 1815-1850. Detroit: Gale, 1997. 342-343. Gale Virtual Reference Library. Web. __ ___. 2014. <http://go.galegroup.com/ps/i.do?id=GALE%7CCX2536601107&v=2.1&u=bonn59103&it=r&p=GVRL&sw=w&asid=9c46672942cc58ab343e5464b3dcb185>.

Dix, Dorothea Lynde | Article | World Book Student Davis, Audrey B. "Dix, Dorothea Lynde." World Book Student. World Book, 2014. Web. 22 __ ___. 2014. <http://www.worldbookonline.com/student/article?id=ar161660&st=dorothea+dix>.

Stephen Douglas

editor, Melanie P., and Melanie Parry. Chambers biographical dictionary. New York: Chambers, 1997. Print.

Stephen Arnold DouglasGVRL "Stephen Arnold Douglas." Encyclopedia of World Biography. 2nd ed. Vol. 5. Detroit: Gale, 2004. 80-82. Gale Virtual Reference Library. Web. __ ___. 2014. <http://go.galegroup.com/ps/i.do?id=GALE|CX3404701838&v=2.1&u=bonn59103&it=r&p=GVRL&sw=w>.

Douglas, Stephen A. - GVRL "Douglas, Stephen A. (1813–1861)." American Eras. Vol. 6: Westward Expansion, 1800-1860. Detroit: Gale, 1997. 203-204. Gale Virtual Reference Library. Web. __ ___. 2014. <http://go.galegroup.com/ps/i.do?id=GALE|CX2536601231&v=2.1&u=bonn59103&it=r&p=GVRL&sw=w>.

Douglas, Stephen Arnold | Article | World Book Student Boritt, Gabor S. "Douglas, Stephen Arnold." World Book Student. World Book, 2014. Web. __ ___. 2014. <http://www.worldbookonline.com/student/article?id=ar165060&st=stephen+douglas>.

Stephen A. Douglas Was Born April 23, 1813 "Stephen A. Douglas Was Born." Stephen A. Douglas Was Born. N.p., n.d. Web.__ ___. 2014. <http://www.americaslibrary.gov/jb/nation/jb_nation_litgiant_1.html>.

Kansas-Nebraska Act "Encyclopedia of the Great Plains." Encyclopedia of the Great Plains. N.p., n.d. Web. __ ___. 2014. <http://plainshumanities.unl.edu/encyclopedia/doc/egp.pg.036>.

Frederick Douglass

Banta, Melissa. Frederick Douglass. New York: Chelsea Juniors, 1993. Print.

editor, Melanie P., and Melanie Parry. Chambers biographical dictionary. New York: Chambers, 1997. Print.

Freedman, Russell. Abraham Lincoln and Frederick Douglass : the story behind an American friendship. Boston: Clarion Books, 2012. Print.

Lobb, Nancy. 16 extraordinary African Americans. Portland, Me: J. Weston Walch, 1997. Print.

Frederick DouglassGVRL "Frederick Douglass." American Civil War Reference Library. Kevin Hillstrom and Laurie Collier Hillstrom. Ed. Lawrence W. Baker. Vol. 1: Biographies. Detroit: UXL, 2000. 113-120. Gale Virtual Reference Library. Web. __ ___. 2014. <http://go.galegroup.com/ps/i.do?id=GALE|CX3410500023&v=2.1&u=bonn59103&it=r&p=GVRL&sw=w>.

Douglass, Frederick - GVRL "Douglass, Frederick." UXL Encyclopedia of U.S. History. Sonia Benson, Daniel E. Brannen, Jr., and Rebecca Valentine. Vol. 2. Detroit: UXL, 2009. 459-462. Gale Virtual Reference Library. Web. __ ___. 2014. <http://go.galegroup.com/ps/i.do?id=GALE|CX3048900181&v=2.1&u=bonn59103&it=r&p=GVRL&sw=w>.

Douglass, Frederick | Article | World Book Advanced Scruggs, Otey M. "Douglass, Frederick." World Book Advanced. World Book, 2014. Web. __ ___. 2014. <http://www.worldbookonline.com/advanced/article?id=ar165160&st=douglass%2C+frederick>.

Frederick Douglass "Frederick Douglass." Frederick Douglass. N.p., n.d. Web. __ ___. 2014. <http://www.americaslibrary.gov/aa/douglass/aa_douglass_subj.html>.

Douglass’s Escape from Slavery "Douglass's Escape from Slavery." Douglass's Escape from Slavery. N.p., n.d. Web. __ ___. 2014. <http://www.americaslibrary.gov/aa/douglass/aa_douglass_escape_1.html>.

Fugitive Slave Law "African American Odyssey: Abolition, Anti-Slavery Movements, and the Rise of the Sectional Controversy (Part 2)." African American Odyssey: Abolition, Anti-Slavery Movements, and the Rise of the Sectional Controversy (Part 2). N.p., n.d. Web. __ ___. 2014. <http://memory.loc.gov/ammem/aaohtml/exhibit/aopart3b.html>.

Jubal Early

editor, Melanie P., and Melanie Parry. Chambers biographical dictionary. New York: Chambers, 1997. Print.

1864: The North Tightens Its Grip - GVRL "1864: The North Tightens Its Grip." American Civil War Reference Library. Kevin Hillstrom and Laurie Collier Hillstrom. Ed. Lawrence W. Baker. Vol. 3: Almanac. Detroit: UXL, 2000. 177-199. Gale Virtual Reference Library. Web. __ ___. 2014. <http://go.galegroup.com/ps/i.do?id=GALE%7CCX3410500099&v=2.1&u=bonn59103&it=r&p=GVRL&sw=w&asid=46726d5c6b4d9e2074672bc1fd7ee447>.

Early, Jubal Anderson | Article | World Book Student Marszalek, John F. "Early, Jubal Anderson." World Book Student. World Book, 2014. Web. __ ___. 2014.<http://www.worldbookonline.com/student/article?id=ar171420&st=jubal+early>.

Jubal Early "Jubal Early." Civil War Trust. Council on Foreign Relations, n.d. Web. __ ___. 2014. <http://www.civilwar.org/education/history/biographies/jubal-early.html>.

Confederate Lieutenant General Jubal Early United States. National Park Service. "Confederate Lieutenant General Jubal Early." National Parks Service. U.S. Department of the Interior, 11 Apr. 2014. Web. 22 Apr. 2014. <http://www.nps.gov/mono/historyculture/jubalearly.htm>.

(Sarah) Emma Edmonds

editor, Melanie P., and Melanie Parry. Chambers biographical dictionary. New York: Chambers, 1997. Print.

Emma Edmonds - GVRL"Emma Edmonds." American Civil War Reference Library. Kevin Hillstrom and Laurie Collier Hillstrom. Ed. Lawrence W. Baker. Vol. 1: Biographies. Detroit: UXL, 2000. 121-126. Gale Virtual Reference Library. Web. __ ___. 2014. <http://go.galegroup.com/ps/i.do?id=GALE|CX3410500024&v=2.1&u=lake0256&it=r&p=GVRL&sw=w&asid=ee55509a42c24942c248f885bf4bd145>.

 Nurse and Spy in the Union Army - GVRL "Nurse and Spy in the Union Army (Excerpt)." American Eras Primary Sources. Ed. Rebecca Parks. Vol. 2: Civil War and Reconstruction, 1860-1877. Detroit: Gale, 2013. 403-406. Gale Virtual Reference Library. Web. __ ___. 2014. <http://go.galegroup.com/ps/i.do?id=GALE%7CCX2737100134&v=2.1&u=lake0256&it=r&p=GVRL&sw=w&asid=7add40e96a3de0f90a4ec3bd7fbf166d>.

Edmonds, Sarah Emma Evelyn | Article | World Book Student Boritt, Gabor S. "Edmonds, Sarah Emma Evelyn." World Book Student. World Book, 2014. Web. __ ___. 2014. <http://www.worldbookonline.com/student/article?id=ar174090&st=sarah+emma+edmonds>.

Sarah Emma Edmonds United States. National Park Service. "Sarah Emma Edmonds." National Parks Service. U.S. Department of the Interior, 25 Mar. 2014. Web. __ ___. 2014. <http://www.nps.gov/resources/person.htm?id=209>.

William Lloyd Garrison

editor, Melanie P., and Melanie Parry. Chambers biographical dictionary. New York: Chambers, 1997. Print.

Garrison, William Lloyd (1805-1879) - GVRL "Garrison, William Lloyd (1805–1879)." American Eras. Vol. 5: The Reform Era and Eastern U. S. Development, 1815-1850. Detroit: Gale, 1997. 281. Gale Virtual Reference Library. Web. __ ___. 2014. <http://go.galegroup.com/ps/i.do?id=GALE%7CCX2536601064&v=2.1&u=bonn59103&it=r&p=GVRL&sw=w&asid=2d2b555764d607a28f4f15efd106c75a>.

Abolition Movement - GVRL "Abolition Movement." UXL Encyclopedia of U.S. History. Sonia Benson, Daniel E. Brannen, Jr., and Rebecca Valentine. Vol. 1. Detroit: UXL, 2009. 4-10. Gale Virtual Reference Library. Web. __ ___. 2014. <http://go.galegroup.com/ps/i.do?id=GALE%7CCX3048900008&v=2.1&u=bonn59103&it=r&p=GVRL&sw=w&asid=03221f12d57b0cdca163d816d56fefba>.

William Lloyd Garrison - GVRL "William Lloyd Garrison." Encyclopedia of World Biography. 2nd ed. Vol. 6. Detroit: Gale, 2004. 226-228. Gale Virtual Reference Library. Web. __ ___. 2014. <http://go.galegroup.com/ps/i.do?id=GALE%7CCX3404702399&v=2.1&u=bonn59103&it=r&p=GVRL&sw=w&asid=6d44f1adcc7505576f4dd26ec94e4df7>.

Garrison, William Lloyd | Article | World Book Student Emery, Michael. "Garrison, William Lloyd." World Book Student. World Book, 2014. Web. __ ___. 2014.<http://www.worldbookonline.com/student/article?id=ar217620&st=william+lloyd+garrison>.

William Lloyd Garrison "William Lloyd Garrison." PBS. PBS, n.d. Web. __ ___. 2014. <http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/aia/part4/4p1561.html>.

William Lloyd Garrison "William Lloyd Garrison." Spartacus Educational. N.p., n.d. Web. 22 Apr. 2014. <http://www.spartacus.schoolnet.co.uk/USASgarrison.htm>.

General Ulysses S. Grant

Archer, Jules. A house divided : the lives of Ulysses S. Grant and Robert E. Lee. New York: Scholastic, 1995. Print.

Bentley, Bill. Ulysses S. Grant. New York: Franklin Watts, 1993. Print.

Cobblestone DEC 98. S.l.: s.n. Print.

editor, Melanie P., and Melanie Parry. Chambers biographical dictionary. New York: Chambers, 1997. Print.

Marrin, Albert. Unconditional surrender : U.S. Grant and the Civil War. New York: Maxwell Macmillan International, 1994. Print.

Smith, edited b.C., and C C. Smith. Presidents of a divided nation : a sourcebook on the U.S. presidency. Brookfield, Conn: Millbrook Press, 1993. Print.

Tracey, Patrick A. Military leaders of the Civil War. New York: Facts on File, 1993. Print.

Ulysses S. Grant - GVRL "Ulysses S. Grant." American Civil War Reference Library. Kevin Hillstrom and Laurie Collier Hillstrom. Ed. Lawrence W. Baker. Vol. 1: Biographies. Detroit: UXL, 2000. 159-170. Gale Virtual Reference Library. Web. __ ___. 2014. <http://go.galegroup.com/ps/i.do?id=GALE|CX3410500029&v=2.1&u=bonn59103&it=r&p=GVRL&sw=w>.

Grant, Ulysses S. | Article | World Book Advanced Simpson, Brooks D. "Grant, Ulysses S." World Book Advanced. World Book, 2014. Web.  __ ___. 2014. <http://www.worldbookonline.com/advanced/article?id=ar232840&st=grant+ulysses>.

Lee and Grant "Virginia Historical Society." Lee and Grant. N.p., n.d. Web. __ ___. 2014. <http://www.vahistorical.org/collections-and-resources/virginia-history-explorer/lee-and-grant?legacy=true>.

Timeline: Ulysses S. Grant "American Experience: TV's Most-watched History Series." PBS. PBS, n.d. Web. __ ___. 2014. <http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/americanexperience/features/timeline/grant-timeline/>.

Ulysses S. Grant Homepage "Grant Homepage." Grant Homepage. N.p., n.d. Web. __ ___. 2014. <http://mscomm.com/~ulysses/>.

U.S. Grant: Warrior. American Experience "Grant Homepage." Grant Homepage. N.p., n.d. Web. __ ___. 2014. <http://mscomm.com/~ulysses/>.

Angelina Grimke’

editor, Melanie P., and Melanie Parry. Chambers biographical dictionary. New York: Chambers, 1997. Print.

Grimke’, Angelina and SarahGVRL "Grimké, Angelina and Sarah." UXL Encyclopedia of U.S. History. Sonia Benson, Daniel E. Brannen, Jr., and Rebecca Valentine. Vol. 3. Detroit: UXL, 2009. 663-667. Gale Virtual Reference Library. Web.__ ___. 2014. <http://go.galegroup.com/ps/i.do?id=GALE|CX3048900263&v=2.1&u=bonn59103&it=r&p=GVRL&sw=w>.

Sarah Moore and Angelina Emily Grimke’ - GVRL "Sarah Moore and Angelina Emily Grimké." Encyclopedia of World Biography. 2nd ed. Vol. 7. Detroit: Gale, 2004. 2-3. Gale Virtual Reference Library. Web. __ ___. 2014. <http://go.galegroup.com/ps/i.do?id=GALE|CX3404702665&v=2.1&u=bonn59103&it=r&p=GVRL&sw=w>.

Grimke | Artilce | World Book Student Melder, Keith E. "Grimke." World Book Student. World Book, 2014. Web. __ ___. 2014. <http://www.worldbookonline.com/student/article?id=ar236860&st=grimke>.

Golden Rule "The Golden Rule. Abraham and Mary Lincoln: A House Divided. WGBH American Experience | PBS." PBS. PBS, n.d. Web. __ ___. 2014. <http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/americanexperience/features/primary-resources/lincolns-golden-rule/>.

Angelina Grimke’ Weld’s speech at Pennsylvania Hall "Angelina Grimke Weld's Speech." PBS. PBS, n.d. Web. __ ___. 2014. <http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/aia/part4/4h2939t.html>.

Winfield Scott Hancock

editor, Melanie P., and Melanie Parry. Chambers biographical dictionary. New York: Chambers, 1997. Print.

Winfield Scott Hancock - GVRL "Winfield Scott Hancock." American Civil War Reference Library. Kevin Hillstrom and Laurie Collier Hillstrom. Ed. Lawrence W. Baker. Vol. 1: Biographies. Detroit: UXL, 2000. 187-193. Gale Virtual Reference Library. Web. __ ___. 2014. <http://go.galegroup.com/ps/i.do?id=GALE%7CCX3410500032&v=2.1&u=bonn59103&it=r&p=GVRL&sw=w&asid=dc09989c360481fce0c5ac14ec6c41af>.

Hancock, Winfield Scott | Article | World Book Student Marszalek, John F. "Hancock, Winfield Scott." World Book Student. World Book, 2014. Web. __ ___. 2014.<http://www.worldbookonline.com/student/article?id=ar244660&st=winfield+scott+hancock>.

Winfield Scott Hancock "Winfield Scott Hancock." Civil War Trust. Council on Foreign Relations, n.d. Web. __ ___. 2014. <http://www.civilwar.org/education/history/biographies/winfield-scott-hancock.html>.

General Joe Hooker

editor, Melanie P., and Melanie Parry. Chambers biographical dictionary. New York: Chambers, 1997. Print.

1863: The Tide Turns GVRL "1863: The Tide Turns." American Civil War Reference Library. Kevin Hillstrom and Laurie Collier Hillstrom. Ed. Lawrence W. Baker. Vol. 3: Almanac. Detroit: UXL, 2000. 139-163. Gale Virtual Reference Library. Web. __ ___. 2014. <go.galegroup.com/ps/i.do?id=GALE|CX3410500097&v=2.1&u=bonn59103&it=r&p=GVRL&sw=w>.

Robert E. Lee - GVRL "Robert E. Lee." American Civil War Reference Library. Kevin Hillstrom and Laurie Collier Hillstrom. Ed. Lawrence W. Baker. Vol. 2: Biographies. Detroit: UXL, 2000. 251-263. Gale Virtual Reference Library. Web. __ ___. 2014. <http://go.galegroup.com/ps/i.do?id=GALE|CX3410500047&v=2.1&u=bonn59103&it=r&p=GVRL&sw=w>.

Hooker, Joseph | Article | World Book Advanced Marszalek, John F. "Hooker, Joseph." World Book Advanced. World Book, 2014. Web.  __ ___. 2014. <http://www.worldbookonline.com/advanced/article?id=ar261780&st=%22hooker+joseph%22>.

Fanny Kemble

editor, Melanie P., and Melanie Parry. Chambers biographical dictionary. New York: Chambers, 1997. Print.

Frances Anne Kemble - GVRL "Frances Anne Kemble." Encyclopedia of World Biography. 2nd ed. Vol. 8. Detroit: Gale, 2004. 491. Gale Virtual Reference Library. Web. __ ___. 2014. <http://go.galegroup.com/ps/i.do?id=GALE|CX3404703500&v=2.1&u=bonn59103&it=r&p=GVRL&sw=w>.

Kemble, Fanny | Article | World Book Student Boritt, Gabor S. "Kemble, Fanny." World Book Student. World Book, 2014. Web.__ ___. 2014. <http://www.worldbookonline.com/student/article?id=ar297200&st=kemble>.

General Robert E. Lee

Archer, Jules. A house divided : the lives of Ulysses S. Grant and Robert E. Lee. New York: Scholastic, 1995. Print.

editor, Melanie P., and Melanie Parry. Chambers biographical dictionary. New York: Chambers, 1997. Print.

Smith, edited b.C., and C C. Smith. Presidents of a divided nation : a sourcebook on the U.S. presidency. Brookfield, Conn: Millbrook Press, 1993. Print.

Tracey, Patrick A. Military leaders of the Civil War. New York: Facts on File, 1993. Print.

Robert E. Lee - GVRL "Robert E. Lee." American Civil War Reference Library. Kevin Hillstrom and Laurie Collier Hillstrom. Ed. Lawrence W. Baker. Vol. 2: Biographies. Detroit: UXL, 2000. 251-263. Gale Virtual Reference Library. Web. __ ___. 2014. <http://go.galegroup.com/ps/i.do?id=GALE|CX3410500047&v=2.1&u=bonn59103&it=r&p=GVRL&sw=w>.

Lee, Robert E. | Article | World Book Advanced Woodworth, Steven E. "Lee, Robert E." World Book Advanced. World Book, 2014. Web.  __ ___. 2014. <http://www.worldbookonline.com/advanced/article?id=ar317720&st=lee%2C+robert>.

Biography: General Robert E. Lee "General Robert E. Lee. Robert E. Lee WGBH American Experience | PBS." PBS. PBS, n.d. Web. __ ___. 2014. <http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/americanexperience/features/biography/grant-lee/>.

Robert E. Lee "Robert E. Lee." Spartacus Educational. N.p., n.d. Web. __ ___. 2014. <http://www.spartacus.schoolnet.co.uk/USACWlee.htm>.

Lee and Grant "Lee and Grant | Virginia Historical Society Lee and Grant." Lee and Grant. N.p., n.d. Web. __ ___. 2014. <http://www.vahistorical.org/collections-and-resources/virginia-history-explorer/lee-and-grant?legacy=true>.

Abraham Lincoln

Allen, Thomas B., and Roger M. Allen. Mr. Lincoln's high-tech war : how the North used the telegraph, railroads, surveillance balloons, iron-clads, high-powered weapons, and more to win th. Washington, D.C: National Geographic, 2009. Print.

Cobblestone FEB 01. S.l.: s.n. Print.

editor, Melanie P., and Melanie Parry. Chambers biographical dictionary. New York: Chambers, 1997. Print.

Freedman, Russell. Abraham Lincoln and Frederick Douglass : the story behind an American friendship. Boston: Clarion Books, 2012. Print.

---. Lincoln : a photobiography. New York, N.Y: Clarion Books, 1987. Print.

Murphy, Jim 1. The Long Road to Gettysburg. New York: Clarion Books, 1992. Print.

Smith, edited b.C., and C C. Smith. Presidents of a divided nation : a sourcebook on the U.S. presidency. Brookfield, Conn: Millbrook Press, 1993. Print

Swanson, James L. Bloody times : the funeral of Abraham Lincoln and the manhunt for Jefferson Davis. New York: Collins, 2011. Print.

Abraham Lincoln - GVRL "Abraham Lincoln." American Civil War Reference Library. Kevin Hillstrom and Laurie Collier Hillstrom. Ed. Lawrence W. Baker. Vol. 2: Biographies. Detroit: UXL, 2000. 265-278. Gale Virtual Reference Library. Web. __ ___. 2014. <http://go.galegroup.com/ps/i.do?id=GALE|CX3410500048&v=2.1&u=bonn59103&it=r&p=GVRL&sw=w>.

Lincoln, Abraham | Article | World Book Advanced Holzer, Harold. "Lincoln, Abraham." World Book Advanced. World Book, 2014. Web.  __ ___. 2014. <http://www.worldbookonline.com/advanced/article?id=ar324600&st=lincoln%2C+abraham>.

Abraham Lincoln’s Youth "Abraham Lincoln's Youth." Abraham Lincoln's Youth. N.p., n.d. Web.__ ___. 2014. <http://www.americaslibrary.gov/aa/lincoln/aa_lincoln_youth_1.html>.

Abraham Lincoln "Abraham Lincoln." Abraham Lincoln. N.p., n.d. Web. __ ___. 2014. <http://www.americaslibrary.gov/aa/lincoln/aa_lincoln_subj.html>.

Abraham Lincoln "Abraham Lincoln." The White House. The White House, n.d. Web. __ ___. 2014. <http://www.whitehouse.gov/about/presidents/abrahamlincoln/>.

16th President: Abraham Lincoln "16.Abraham Lincoln. The Presidents. WGBH American Experience | PBS." PBS. PBS, n.d. Web. __ ___. 2014. <http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/americanexperience/features/biography/presidents-lincoln/>.

James Longstreet

editor, Melanie P., and Melanie Parry. Chambers biographical dictionary. New York: Chambers, 1997. Print.

James Longstreet - GVRL "James Longstreet." American Civil War Reference Library. Kevin Hillstrom and Laurie Collier Hillstrom. Ed. Lawrence W. Baker. Vol. 2: Biographies. Detroit: UXL, 2000. 285-293. Gale Virtual Reference Library. Web. __ ___. 2014. <http://go.galegroup.com/ps/i.do?id=GALE%7CCX3410500050&v=2.1&u=sumn0257&it=r&p=GVRL&sw=w&asid=2834f1a0bca82562f88d8bac2f93732e>.

Longstreet, James - GVRL "Longstreet, James." Enciclopedia Moderna. Vol. 7. Chicago: Encyclopaedia Britannica, 2011. 1593. Britannica Enciclopedia Moderna. Gale Virtual Reference Library. Web. __ ___. 2014. <http://go.galegroup.com/ps/i.do?id=GALE%7CCX4188213636&v=2.1&u=sumn0257&it=r&p=GVRL&sw=w&asid=8b9820d2cc9435933df1db5592341f66>.

James Longstreet - GVRL "James Longstreet." Encyclopedia of World Biography. 2nd ed. Vol. 22. Detroit: Gale, 2004. 301-305. Gale Virtual Reference Library. Web. __ ___. 2014. <http://go.galegroup.com/ps/i.do?id=GALE%7CCX3404708074&v=2.1&u=sumn0257&it=r&p=GVRL&sw=w&asid=ee435d5a7eba9faefcc2b5198f6b5a5d>.

Longstreet, James |Article | World Book Student Woodworth, Steven E. "Longstreet, James." World Book Student. World Book, 2014. Web. __ ___. 2014. <http://www.worldbookonline.com/student/article?id=ar330400&st=james+longstreet>.

History of Wilderness and Spotsylvania "History of Wilderness and Spotsylvania." National Parks Service. N.p., n.d. Web. 23 Apr. 2014. <http://www.nps.gov/frsp/wildspot.htm>.

Today in History: July 2 "Today in History: July 2." The LIBRARY of CONGRESS: AMERICAN MEMORY. N.p., n.d. Web. 23 Apr. 2014. <http://memory.loc.gov/ammem/today/jul02.html>.

George McClellan

editor, Melanie P., and Melanie Parry. Chambers biographical dictionary. New York: Chambers, 1997. Print.

George B. McClellan - GVRL "George B. McClellan." American Civil War Reference Library. Kevin Hillstrom and Laurie Collier Hillstrom. Ed. Lawrence W. Baker. Vol. 2: Biographies. Detroit: UXL, 2000. 305-315. Gale Virtual Reference Library. Web. __ ___. 2014. <http://go.galegroup.com/ps/i.do?id=GALE%7CCX3410500052&v=2.1&u=sumn0257&it=r&p=GVRL&sw=w&asid=bbc0b4361e6925198c9a8f6f43752000>.

Mobilization of the Union - GVRL "Mobilization of the Union." American Eras. Vol. 7: Civil War and Reconstruction, 1850-1877. Detroit: Gale, 1997. 104-107. Gale Virtual Reference Library. Web. __ ___. 2014. <http://go.galegroup.com/ps/i.do?id=GALE%7CCX2536601360&v=2.1&u=sumn0257&it=r&p=GVRL&sw=w&asid=4dd79fdd7d16ffa257b8af198095da7c>.

McClellan, George Brinton | Article | World Book Student Boritt, Gabor S. "McClellan, George Brinton." World Book Student. World Book, 2014. Web. __ ___. 2014. <http://www.worldbookonline.com/student/article?id=ar350840&st=george+mcclellan>.

George McClellan "George McClellan." History.com. A&E Television Networks, n.d. Web. __ ___. 2014. <http://www.history.com/topics/american-civil-war/george-b-mcclellan>.

George B. McClellan "George B. McClellan." Civil War Trust. Council on Foreign Relations, n.d. Web. __ ___. 2014. <http://www.civilwar.org/education/history/biographies/george-mcclellan.html>.

George B. McClellan United States. National Park Service. "George B. McClellan." National Parks Service. U.S. Department of the Interior, 23 Apr. 2014. Web. 23 Apr. 2014. <http://www.nps.gov/anti/historyculture/gbmcclellan.htm>.

General George Meade

editor, Melanie P., and Melanie Parry. Chambers biographical dictionary. New York: Chambers, 1997. Print.

George G. Meade - GVRL "George G. Meade." American Civil War Reference Library. Kevin Hillstrom and Laurie Collier Hillstrom. Ed. Lawrence W. Baker. Vol. 2: Biographies. Detroit: UXL, 2000. 317-323. Gale Virtual Reference Library. Web. __ ___. 2014. <http://go.galegroup.com/ps/i.do?id=GALE|CX3410500053&v=2.1&u=bonn59103&it=r&p=GVRL&sw=w>.

Meade, George Gordon | Article | World Book Advanced Sefton, James E. "Meade, George Gordon." World Book Advanced. World Book, 2014. Web.  __ ___. 2014. <http://www.worldbookonline.com/advanced/article?id=ar352080&st=meade%2C+george>.

General George Edward Pickett

editor, Melanie P., and Melanie Parry. Chambers biographical dictionary. New York: Chambers, 1997. Print.

1863: The Tide Turns - GVRL "1863: The Tide Turns." American Civil War Reference Library. Kevin Hillstrom and Laurie Collier Hillstrom. Ed. Lawrence W. Baker. Vol. 3: Almanac. Detroit: UXL, 2000. 139-163. Gale Virtual Reference Library. Web. __ ___. 2014. <http://go.galegroup.com/ps/i.do?id=GALE%7CCX3410500097&v=2.1&u=sumn0257&it=r&p=GVRL&sw=w&asid=5a50f33b50d638e2cc3d63c90ecdc2bf>.

Pickett, George E(Edward) - GVRL "Pickett, George E(dward)." Enciclopedia Moderna. Vol. 9. Chicago: Encyclopaedia Britannica, 2011. 2074. Britannica Enciclopedia Moderna. Gale Virtual Reference Library. Web. __ ___. 2014. <http://go.galegroup.com/ps/i.do?id=GALE%7CCX4188217763&v=2.1&u=sumn0257&it=r&p=GVRL&sw=w&asid=1ab947f7452d05534fab1bd9fba002db>.

Pickett, George Edward | Article | World Book Student Marszalek, John F. "Pickett, George Edward." World Book Student. World Book, 2014. Web. __ ___. 2014. <http://www.worldbookonline.com/student/article?id=ar429140&st=george+pickett>.

On This Day: Battle of Gettysburg Begins "On This Day: Battle of Gettysburg Begins." Finding Dulcinea: Librarian of the Internet. N.p., n.d. Web. 24 Apr. 2014. <http://www.findingdulcinea.com/news/on-this-day/July-August-08/On-this-Day--Battle-of-Gettysburg-Begins-.html>.

Dred Scott

Cobblestone OCT 19 98. S.l.: s.n. Print.

editor, Melanie P., and Melanie Parry. Chambers biographical dictionary. New York: Chambers, 1997. Print.

Herda, D J.1. The Dred Scott case : slavery and citizenship. Hillside, NJ: Enslow Publishers, 1994. Print.

Dred ScottGVRL "Dred Scott." American Civil War Reference Library. Kevin Hillstrom and Laurie Collier Hillstrom. Ed. Lawrence W. Baker. Vol. 2: Biographies. Detroit: UXL, 2000. 347-353. Gale Virtual Reference Library. Web. __ ___. 2014. <http://go.galegroup.com/ps/i.do?id=GALE|CX3410500057&v=2.1&u=bonn59103&it=r&p=GVRL&sw=w>.

Dred Scott - GVRL "Dred Scott." Encyclopedia of World Biography. 2nd ed. Vol. 14. Detroit: Gale, 2004. 65-66. Gale Virtual Reference Library. Web. __ ___. 2014. <http://go.galegroup.com/ps/i.do?id=GALE|CX3404705826&v=2.1&u=bonn59103&it=r&p=GVRL&sw=w>.

Scott, Dred | Article | World Book Student Clavin, Matthew. "Scott, Dred." World Book Student. World Book, 2014. Web. __ ___. 2014. <http://www.worldbookonline.com/student/article?id=ar496580&st=dred+scott>.

Dred Scott Decision | Article | World Book Student Ivers, Gregg. "Dred Scott Decision." World Book Student. World Book, 2014. Web. __ ___. 2014.

Dred Scott Heritage Foundation "The Dred Scott Heritage Foundation | Who Is Dred Scott." The Dred Scott Heritage Foundation | Who Is Dred Scott. N.p., n.d. Web. __ ___. 2014. <http://www.thedredscottfoundation.org/dredscott.html>.

Dred Scott v. Sandford "Dred Scott v. Sandford." Oyez, Oyez, Oh Yay!: Civics Resources for Texas Students & Teachers. N.p., n.d. Web. __ ___. 2014. <http://www.texasbar.com/civics/cases/dred-scott-v-sandford.html>.

Dred Scott’s fight for Freedom "Dred Scott." PBS. PBS, n.d. Web. __ ___. 2014. <http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/aia/part4/4p2932.html>.

General William Sherman

editor, Melanie P., and Melanie Parry. Chambers biographical dictionary. New York: Chambers, 1997. Print.

Tracey, Patrick A. Military leaders of the Civil War. New York: Facts on File, 1993. Print.

Whitelaw, Nancy. William Tecumseh Sherman : defender and destroyer. Greensboro, N.C: Morgan Reynolds, Inc, 1996. Print.

William T. Sherman - GVRL "William T. Sherman." American Civil War Reference Library. Kevin Hillstrom and Laurie Collier Hillstrom. Ed. Lawrence W. Baker. Vol. 2: Biographies. Detroit: UXL, 2000. 391-398. Gale Virtual Reference Library. Web. __ ___. 2014. <http://go.galegroup.com/ps/i.do?id=GALE|CX3410500062&v=2.1&u=bonn59103&it=r&p=GVRL&sw=w>.

Sherman's March | Article | World Book Advanced Woodworth, Steven E. "Sherman's March." World Book Advanced. World Book, 2014. Web.  __ ___. 2014. <http://www.worldbookonline.com/advanced/article?id=ar506670&st=sherman%2C+sherman>.

Sherman, William Tecumseh | Article | World Book Advanced Marszalek, John F. "Sherman, William Tecumseh." World Book Advanced. World Book, 2014. Web.  __ ___. 2014. <http://www.worldbookonline.com/advanced/article?id=ar506630&st=sherman%2C+sherman>.

William Sherman "William Sherman." Spartacus Educational. N.p., n.d. Web. __ ___. 2014. <http://www.spartacus.schoolnet.co.uk/USACWsherman.htm>.

Biography: William Tecumseh Sherman "William Tecumseh Sherman . U.S. Grant: Warrior. WGBH American Experience | PBS." PBS. PBS, n.d. Web. __ ___. 2014. <http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/americanexperience/features/biography/grant-sherman/>.

William Tecumseh Sherman "PBS - THE WEST - William Tecumseh Sherman." PBS. PBS, n.d. Web. __ ___. 2014. <http://www.pbs.org/weta/thewest/people/s_z/sherman.htm>.

Sojourner Truth

editor, Melanie P., and Melanie Parry. Chambers biographical dictionary. New York: Chambers, 1997. Print.

Hakim, Joy. Liberty for all. New York: Oxford University Press, 1999. Print.

Lobb, Nancy. 16 extraordinary African Americans. Portland, Me: J. Weston Walch, 1997. Print.

McKissack, Pat 1., and Fredrick McKissack. Sojourner Truth : ain't I a woman?. New York: Scholastic, 1992. Print.

Sojourner Truth - GVRL "Sojourner Truth." American Civil War Reference Library. Kevin Hillstrom and Laurie Collier Hillstrom. Ed. Lawrence W. Baker. Vol. 2: Biographies. Detroit: UXL, 2000. 467-471. Gale Virtual Reference Library. Web.__ ___. 2014. <http://go.galegroup.com/ps/i.do?id=GALE|CX3410500071&v=2.1&u=bonn59103&it=r&p=GVRL&sw=w>.

Truth, Sojourner | Article | World Book Advanced Scruggs, Otey M. "Truth, Sojourner." World Book Advanced. World Book, 2014. Web.  __ ___. 2014. <http://www.worldbookonline.com/advanced/article?id=ar568980&st=truth%2C+sojourner>.

Sojourner Truth (1797-1883) "Education & Resources." National Women's History Museum. N.p., n.d. Web. __ ___. 2014. <http://www.nwhm.org/education-resources/biography/biographies/sojourner-truth/>

Sojourner Truth: Speech "Sojourner Truth—Speech." Sojourner Truth—Speech. N.p., n.d. Web.__ ___. 2014. <http://www.eduplace.com/kids/socsci/ca/books/bke1/sources/bke1_template.jsp?name=truths&bk=bke1&state=ca>.

Nat Turner

editor, Melanie P., and Melanie Parry. Chambers biographical dictionary. New York: Chambers, 1997. Print.

Nathaniel Turner - GVRL "Nathaniel Turner." Encyclopedia of World Biography. 2nd ed. Vol. 15. Detroit: Gale, 2004. 354. Gale Virtual Reference Library. Web. __ ___. 2014. <http://go.galegroup.com/ps/i.do?id=GALE|CX3404706499&v=2.1&u=bonn59103&it=r&p=GVRL&sw=w>.

Turner, Nat | Article | World Book Advanced Egerton, Douglas R. "Turner, Nat." World Book Advanced. World Book, 2014. Web.  __ ___. 2014. <http://www.worldbookonline.com/advanced/article?id=ar571180&st=nat+turner>.

Nat Turner’s Rebellion "9 Nat Turner's Rebellion." Learn NC. N.p., n.d. Web. __ ___. 2014. <http://www.learnnc.org/lp/editions/nchist-newnation/9.0>.

About Nat Turner "Independent Lens. NAT TURNER: A Troublesome Property. Nat Turner | PBS." PBS. PBS, n.d. Web. __ ___. 2014. <http://www.pbs.org/independentlens/natturner/nat.html>.

Nat Turner’s Rebellion "Africans in America/Part 3/Nat Turner's Rebellion." PBS. PBS, n.d. Web. __ ___. 2014. <http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/aia/part3/3p1518.html>.

Loreta Janeta Velazquez

Velasquez, Loreta Janeta - GVRL "Velasquez, Loreta Janeta." Encyclopedia of World Biography. 2nd ed. Vol. 28. Detroit: Gale, 2008. 361-363. Gale Virtual Reference Library. Web. __ ___. 2014. <http://go.galegroup.com/ps/i.do?id=GALE%7CCX2506300171&v=2.1&u=bonn59103&it=r&p=GVRL&sw=w&asid=e975a0e2644d9a04a559e58ce71c4f4c>.

Loreta Janeta Velazquez "Loreta Janeta Velazquez." Civil War Trust. Council on Foreign Relations, n.d. Web. 22 Apr. 2014. <http://www.civilwar.org/education/history/biographies/loreta-janeta-velazquez.html>.

Denmark Vesey

editor, Melanie P., and Melanie Parry. Chambers biographical dictionary. New York: Chambers, 1997. Print.

Denmark Vesey GVRL "Denmark Vesey." Encyclopedia of World Biography. 2nd ed. Vol. 15. Detroit: Gale, 2004. 475. Gale Virtual Reference Library. Web. __ ___. 2014. <http://go.galegroup.com/ps/i.do?id=GALE|CX3404706606&v=2.1&u=bonn59103&it=r&p=GVRL&sw=w>.

Slave Rebellions - GVRL "Slave Rebellions." UXL Encyclopedia of U.S. History. Sonia Benson, Daniel E. Brannen, Jr., and Rebecca Valentine. Vol. 7. Detroit: UXL, 2009. 1417-1422. Gale Virtual Reference Library. Web. __ ___. 2014. <http://go.galegroup.com/ps/i.do?id=GALE|CX3048900558&v=2.1&u=bonn59103&it=r&p=GVRL&sw=w>.

Vesey, Denmark | Article | World Book Advanced Egerton, Douglas R. "Vesey, Denmark." World Book Advanced. World Book, 2014. Web.  __ ___. 2014. <http://www.worldbookonline.com/advanced/article?id=ar584110&st=vesey>.

Mary Walker

editor, Melanie P., and Melanie Parry. Chambers biographical dictionary. New York: Chambers, 1997. Print.

Mary Edwards Walker - GVRL "Mary Edwards Walker." Encyclopedia of World Biography. 2nd ed. Vol. 23. Detroit: Gale, 2004. 432-434. Gale Virtual Reference Library. Web. __ ___. 2014. <http://go.galegroup.com/ps/i.do?id=GALE%7CCX3404708332&v=2.1&u=bonn59103&it=r&p=GVRL&sw=w&asid=af0c180a02e7784741297662eafe4ec0>.

Walker, Mary Edwards | Article | World Book Student Schneir, Miriam. "Walker, Mary Edwards." World Book Student. World Book, 2014. Web. __ ___. 2014. <http://www.worldbookonline.com/student/article?id=ar589960&st=mary+walker>.

Changing the Face of Medicine "Changing the Face of Medicine | Dr. Mary Edwards Walker." U.S National Library of Medicine. U.S. National Library of Medicine, n.d. Web. __ ___. 2014. <http://www.nlm.nih.gov/changingthefaceofmedicine/physicians/biography_325.html>.

Dr. Mary Walker "Dr. Mary Walker." Official Nebraska Government Website. N.p., n.d. Web. __ ___. 2014. <http://www.nebraskahistory.org/publish/publicat/timeline/walker-dr-mary.htm>.

Feature - Mary Edwards Walker -- a Woman ahead of Her Time "Feature - Mary Edwards Walker -- a Woman Ahead of Her Time." Holloman Air Force Base. N.p., 15 Mar. 2010. Web. __ ___. 2014. <http://www.holloman.af.mil/news/story.asp?id=123194813>.