History Helps us Understand Current Issues

7th Grade CBA Links

You must sign into GVRL (Gale Virtual Reference Library) from your school’s library home page using the school’s password before clicking on any GVRL links below.



Crusades - World Book - Kids - general overview of the Crusades.


Saladin - World Book - Kids - Muslim leader during the third Crusade.


Crusades - World Book - Student - more in-depth overview of the Crusades.


First and Third Crusades Map - World Book - Student - map of the routes taken during the first and third Crusades.


Peter the Hermit - World Book - Student - a monk who preached the need to take back the Holy Land during the First Crusade.


Origins of the Crusades - GVRL  -- be sure to sign in first -- a thorough overview of the Crusades including historical opinion of the motivating factors that resulted in the Crusades.


Geographical World at the times of the Crusades - GVRL -- be sure to sign in first -- a historical perspective of the religious factions involved in the cause of the Crusades.


History of the Crusades - GVRL -- be sure to sign in first -- a history of events (some unusual) that occurred during the Crusades.


Destruction of Jewish Diaspora and Second Jewish Temple

The Jewish World - GVRL -- be sure to sign in first -- an overview of Jewish settlements and historical information.


Johanan ben Zakkai - GVRL -- be sure to sign in first -- a biography of Johanan who was very important during the siege on Jerusalem and establishment of an alternative seat for the Sanhedrin (Jewish Supreme Court).


Judaism - GVRL -- be sure to sign in first - - Overview of Jewish history and traditions. The sections on History and Development as well as Pilgrimages are especially helpful.


Current Christian and Muslim interactions

Daily Press Briefing - April 8, 2013 - questions and answers regarding ongoing struggles in Israel/Palestine and Egypt between Jews, Christians, and Muslims.


Irael: Bits, Bytes and Bombs - New York Times - article discussing current tensions in Israel.


News Analysis: Egyptian president tries to heal division between Muslims, Copts - Xinhua News - article written about the tensions between the Copts (native Egyptian Christians) and the Muslims in relationship to government policy and law.


Jews - World Book online - article is an overview of the history of the Jews up through fairly current times.


Five Things You need to Know about the Middle East - brief synopsis of the current tensions in Israel and Palestine.

Roman response to the Jewish revolt

Wars between the Jews and Romans - website describing the Jewish uprising and the Roman response.


Palestine History - a history of the lead-up, revolts, and aftermath.


The Bar-Kokhba Revolt - Jewish Virtual Library - The Jewish historical account of the revolts and the Roman reaction.


U.S. Intervention in Afghanistan

Terrorism Based in the Middle-East - GVRL-- be sure to sign in first -- a history of the terrorist activities in the Middle-East including Afghanistan.


World Islamic Front Statement - Jihad Against Jews and Crusaders - Usamah Bin-Ladin’s statement against the U.S. calling for death to U.S.


Can Operation Moshtarak Deliver? - article discussing the Afghanistan war, Teleban, U.S. and British involvement.


U.S.Relations with  Afghanistan - U.S. Government statement by U.S. Department of state.


Afghanistan - CultureGrams article discusses the history of what lead up to the U.S. intervention in Afghanistan.

Treatment of Christians in the Roman Empire

Christianity and the Roman Empire - BBC History of Christianity within the Roman Empire.


Basics of Christian History - BBC history of Christians. (Skip to the heading Roman Empire.)


Distinctions and Definitions - GVRL -- be sure to sign in first -- addresses the role of Religion in ancient Rome and mentions why “separation of church and state” would not have been possible in ancient Rome.


Pharaohs (god-kings) of Egypt

Egyptian Civilization- overview containing role and power of the pharaoh in relationship to other citizens of Egypt.


Egypt's Golden Empire - pbs site with role of the pharaohs information. Explore “New Kingdom”, “The Pharaohs”, “Religion”, and “Egyptian Society” tabs.


Pharaoh: Lord of the Two Lands - British Museum presents information about the Pharaoh’s role.


Separation of Church and State in the U.S.

Church and State - GVRL -- be sure to sign in first -- historical perspective on the development of the Constitution of the United States which included a separation between Church and State.


Historic Roots of the Judicial Branch - GVRL -- be sure to sign in first -- an overview of the origins of our Judicial branch.


Christianity - GVRL -- be sure to sign in first -- an overview of Christianity. (Skip to the heading Persecution of early Christians.)


Church and State - GVRL -- be sure to sign in first -- an overview of the relationship between church and state.

Muslim/Islamic Empire Foundation

Arab World, Doing Business in the - uses historical perspective to look at current practices.


Muslims - World Book online - overview from origins to current times of Muslims.


Religion and Philosophy Overview - general overview of Islamic religion.


Sultanates - explanation of the differences of power between sultans and khalifahs.


Saudi Arabia - overview of history including Islam past through present.


Recent Saudi Arabia

Saudis Launch Islamic Unity Drive - BBC News article 2008 Saudi Monarch’s statement prior to interfaith discussions.


Saudi Arabia: Government  - CultureGrams government information mentions the role of religion.


Saudi Arabia: Religion - CultureGrams religion information identifies the connection between religion, government, and daily life.


Background Notes: Saudi Arabia (1/09) - extensive notes on Saudi Arabia from the U.S. government.

Magna Carta

Magna Carta - World Book online presentation of the development and implementation of the document.


Magna Carta - GVRL -- be sure to sign in first -- overview of the Magna Carta and its influence over the U.S. Constitution Bill of Rights.


Magna Carta - Enchanted Learning brief description.


Code of Hammurabi

What's so Important about the Code of Hammurabi  - overview of the document.


The Avalon Project: Babylonian Law - The Code of Hammurabi - description of the Code.

Twelve Tables

Twelve Tables, Laws of the - World Book online description of the Twelve Tables.


The Laws of the Twelve Tables, c.450 B.C. - defines the Twelve Tables and lists some of the laws.


U.S. Constitution Bill of Rights

Magna Carta - GVRL -- be sure to sign in first -- identifies influences of Magna Carta on the U.S. Constitution.


Due Process of Law: Procedural and Substantive Issues - discusses influences of ancient laws on current laws.


Bill of Rights - GVRL -- be sure to sign in first -- examines the development of the Bill of Rights.


Law - World Book online article describing Magna Carta, Code of Hammurabi, the Twelve Tables and the Bill of Rights in relationship to development of law.


Bill of Rights - Enchanted Learning brief description and list.


U.N. Universal Declaration of Human Rights

On This Day: UN Adopts Universal Declaration of Human Rights - account of the debate, development and adoption.


U.N. Universal Declaration of Human Rights - GVRL -- be sure to sign in first -- description of the document, purpose, and development.


Universal Declaration of Human Rights - GVRL -- be sure to sign in first -- description of the document, purpose, and development.

Greek Citizenship

Sparta- World Book online - provides a good description of varying classes of people and their daily life and rights.


A History of Ancient Greece: Sparta - describes varying classes of people and their roles in society.


Roman Citizenship

Ancient Rome - GVRL -- be sure to sign in first -- describes early Rome and mentions the role of a citizen and clash between people of differing wealth.


Social Pecking Order in the Roman World - BBC article clearly describes the different classes of people and their rights/responsibilities.


Social Class and Public Display - clearly lays out the class distinctions.

American Immigration

Citizen- general information about citizenship including references to Greek and Roman citizens.


Buchanan, Pat - GVRL -- be sure to sign in first -- a biography of a man who is an anti-immigrant crusader. Gives reasons to halt immigration.


Introduction: The Nation of Immigrants GVRL -- be sure to sign in first -- thorough overview of immigration in the U.S. from past to present.


Immigration - World Book online - overview of immigration specifically looks at U.S.